Ph.D. in Storytelling within Digital Media with applications in hyperfiction, computer games, online journalism, and interactive TV, December 1999, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology; Melbourne Australia. Won the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Post-Graduate Award to pay for full-time study.

M.F.A. in Creative Writing, December 1988, University of Washington; Seattle, Washington U.S.A. My primary storytelling form was the novel and my secondary storytelling form was the screenplay. Supervision was by Joanna Russ, several time winner of both the Hugo and Nebula awards, and Charles Johnson, American National Book Award winner and a judge for the Pulitzer Prize.

B.A. in English with Creative Writing Emphasis, June 1985, University of Washington; Seattle, Washington U.S.A. Graduated 8th in the School of Arts and Sciences with both college and departmental honors.